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23 April 2020 Desalination as an energy storage alternative for nuclear power plants: Barakah power plant as a case study
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Abstract
Given the growing global demands on energy and fresh water, nuclear energy has become a promising source of power and freshwater production. Maximizing the nuclear power plant efficiency requires running the plant at maximum power capacity, however, the actual load might not require such huge power supply (1000 MWe +). Power plants operation with high to maximum efficiency has a profound effect on financial prices and environmental conditions for clear reasons which commands the attention towards various expensive and not efficient energy storage techniques (thermal, electrical and hydro). In this work, energy storage is substituted by a desalination plant that utilizes the excess energy to power the desalination unit. Therefore, this work explores the potential of water desalination as a proxy for energy storage systems in nuclear power plants. Various water desalination technologies are examined and compared in terms of economy, water quality and production capacity. Barakah nuclear power plant is used as a case study with APR1400 reactor design. On the desalination side, Reverse Osmosis (RO), Multi-Stage Flash (MSF), Multi-Effect Distillation (MED) and hybrid combinations are studied.
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Bassam A. Khuwaileh, Ahmed Ishag, Mohammad A. Al-Shabi, and Mamdouh El Haj Assad "Desalination as an energy storage alternative for nuclear power plants: Barakah power plant as a case study", Proc. SPIE 11387, Energy Harvesting and Storage: Materials, Devices, and Applications X, 1138714 (23 April 2020); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2566114
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