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21 April 2020 Detection of crown rot in wheat utilising near-infrared spectroscopy: towards remote and robotic sensing
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Forty percent wheat yield reduction is reported globally due to crown rot (Fusarium pseudograminearum). An emerging approach for sensor-based disease discrimination is the use of spectral reflectance with combinations of wavebands and varying bandwidths, which has potential to reduce the impact of environmental factors on spectral sensitivity detection accuracy. Transferring such technology from a laboratory to field environment presents challenges, particularly in regard to producing adequately robust models. An experiment was conducted in which near-infrared spectral reflectance data was captured in a glasshouse environment, for cultivars of spring bread wheat with varying resistances to F. pseudograminearum. A contact sensor sensitive to nearinfrared (900–1700 nm) wavebands was used. Raw sensor data was calibrated and transformed, allowing for variable waveband size. Optimised machine learning disease identification models were compared across the nine weeks following inoculation with F. pseudograminearum. Models were compared for the ability to accurately detect crown rot across weeks. The results show crown rot detection ability with accuracies ranging from 49–74%, as well as a temporal patterning effect as the season progresses. An artificial neural network classifier (ANN) performed best with a top accuracy of 74.14%, of the six machine learning algorithms trialed. Waveform differences between plus and minus treatments indicate that the sensing approach has potential to be scaled to a camera-based system for use on remote sensing platforms. Further work is being conducted to understand the viability of such an approach, which is an important step towards both robotic and RPA-based disease discrimination.
Conference Presentation
© (2020) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jacob Humpal, Cheryl McCarthy, Cassy Percy, and J. Alex Thomasson "Detection of crown rot in wheat utilising near-infrared spectroscopy: towards remote and robotic sensing", Proc. SPIE 11414, Autonomous Air and Ground Sensing Systems for Agricultural Optimization and Phenotyping V, 114140L (21 April 2020);

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