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22 May 2020 Identifying and modelling clinical subpopulations from the Malmö breast tomosynthesis screening trial
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Proceedings Volume 11513, 15th International Workshop on Breast Imaging (IWBI2020); 1151316 (2020) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2564095
Event: Fifteenth International Workshop on Breast Imaging, 2020, Leuven, Belgium
Abstract
Virtual Clinical Trials (VCT) are an effective tool to evaluate the performance of novel imaging systems using computer simulations. VCT results depend on the selection of virtual patient populations. In the case of breast imaging, virtual patients should be matched to a desired clinical population in terms of selected anatomical or demographic descriptors. We are developing a virtual population of women who participated in the Malmö Breast Tomosynthesis Screening Trial (MBTST). We have used clinical values of the compressed breast thickness and volumetric breast density to develop a multidimensional distribution of women in MBTST. Breast density and thickness values were obtained from anonymized, previously collected tomosynthesis images of 14,746 women. In this paper, we compare several approaches to identify clinical subpopulations and select virtual patients that represent various groups of clinical subjects. We performed two methods to identify clinical subpopulations by clustering clinical data using the K-means algorithm or woman’s age. The obtained clusters have been explored and compared using the silhouette mean. The K-means algorithm yielded grouping of MBTST data into two clusters; however, that grouping was, shown to be suboptimal by the silhouette analysis. The agebased clustering showed significant overlap in terms of breast thickness and density. We also compared two approaches to select sets of representative phantoms. Our analysis has emphasized benefits and limitations of different clustering methods. The preferred method depends on the specific task that should be addressed using VCTs. Simulation of representative phantoms is ongoing. Potential correlations with pathological findings and/or parenchymal properties will be investigated.
© (2020) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
B. Torlegård, A. Tingberg, S. Zackrisson, B. Barufaldi, A. D. A. Maidment, M. Dustler, and P. R. Bakic "Identifying and modelling clinical subpopulations from the Malmö breast tomosynthesis screening trial", Proc. SPIE 11513, 15th International Workshop on Breast Imaging (IWBI2020), 1151316 (22 May 2020); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2564095
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