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15 June 2020 Multidimensional spatial entanglement transfer through our existing fiber optic network
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Proceedings Volume 11522, Optical Manipulation and Structured Materials Conference 2020; 1152218 (2020) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2573771
Event: SPIE Technologies and Applications of Structured Light, 2020, Yokohama, Japan
Abstract
The global quantum network requires the distribution of entangled states over long distances, with significant advances already demonstrated using polarization, reaching approximately 1200 km in free space and 100 km in optical fiber. While Hilbert spaces with higher dimensionality, e.g., spatial modes of light, allows higher information capacity per photon, such spatial mode entanglement transport requires custom multimode fiber and is limited by decoherence induced mode coupling. Here we circumvent this by transporting multi-dimensional spatial entangled states down conventional single-mode fiber (SMF). We achieve this by entangling the spin-orbit degrees of freedom of a bi-photon pair, passing the polarization (spin) photon down the SMF while accessing multiple orbital angular momentum (orbital) sub-spaces with the other, thereby realizing multi-dimensional spatial entanglement transport. We show high fidelity hybrid entanglement preservation down 250 m of SMF across multiple 2 x 2 dimensions, which we confirm by quantum state tomography and Bell violation measures. This work offers an alternative approach to spatial mode entanglement transport that facilitates deployment in legacy networks across conventional fiber optic links.
© (2020) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Adam Vallés, Isaac Nape, Jun Liu, Qianke Wang, Jian Wang, and Andrew Forbes "Multidimensional spatial entanglement transfer through our existing fiber optic network", Proc. SPIE 11522, Optical Manipulation and Structured Materials Conference 2020, 1152218 (15 June 2020); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2573771
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