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4 December 2020 Silicon-based polarization insensitive grating coupler
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Proceedings Volume 11617, International Conference on Optoelectronic and Microelectronic Technology and Application; 116170Q (2020) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2584715
Event: International Conference on Optoelectronic and Microelectronic Technology and Application, 2020, Nanjing, China
Abstract
In the silicon photonics field, coupling occupies an important position of propagating the light from the space to the waveguide. There are two normal coupling way. The one is end-face coupling and the other one is surface coupling. And the more popular way is to use the surface coupling, which can be put on anywhere of the chip and is much easier to measure. The specific surface coupling format is grating coupler. Grating coupler can be both input and output coupler and match the fiber to propagate the light from and to the space. However, the one-dimensional grating coupler, used in the most of silicon photonic chips, has polarization selectivity and can only transfer one single mode (TE mode) in the waveguide. That means the half of the light would be wasted during coupling. In order to improve the efficiency of the coupler, two-dimensional grating coupler is a better solution. It has two orthogonal waveguides and propagate the transverse-electric (TE) mode with opposite directions. And the transverse-magnetic (TM) mode is transferred to the TE mode when the light changes the propagating direction. In this paper, the two-dimensional grating coupler is designed to match the light whose wavelength is from 1260 nm to 1290 nm. The calculation and simulation method is finitedifference time domain (FDTD). After modeling and optimizing the structure, the coupling efficiency is 26.8%.
© (2020) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jiarui Yu, Weiping Wang, Lijun Yang, Xiaoyan Hu, and Yuheyang Guo "Silicon-based polarization insensitive grating coupler", Proc. SPIE 11617, International Conference on Optoelectronic and Microelectronic Technology and Application, 116170Q (4 December 2020); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2584715
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