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5 March 2021 Electrosurgical knife equipped with diffused reflectance spectroscopy sensing for tumor margin detection during breast conserving surgery: a phantom study
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Distinguishing the diseased breast tissue from the healthy tissue is a sorely challenging task for the surgeons during breast conserving surgery (BCS) as both tissues own relatively similar visual and haptic characteristics. It has been shown that diffused reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) has the potential to be used as a real-time tumor margin detection technique during BCS. In this research, an electrosurgical knife is equipped with fiber-based DRS sensing to provide the surgeon with real-time oncological guidance during BCS. To prevent overheating of the fibers, they were placed inside quartz tubes which were mounted on the electrosurgical knife. The effect of using quartz tubes and debris formation during electrosurgery on the DRS measurements on porcine tissue was investigated. Furthermore to investigate the performance of the new device, a heterogeneous breast phantom representing optical properties and anatomical shape of the real breast was developed. The new device was then used to cut through the phantom’s layers to assess the performance of the new knife while cutting. Finally, a BCS was performed on the phantom using the new knife without receiving visual and haptic feedback from the tissue. The results show that both using the quartz tubes and the formed debris do not have a significant effect on the DRS output. Moreover, the DRS outputs obtained during cutting the layered phantom showed the transition between the layers clearly, demonstrating that the cutting effect on the phantom tissue does not significantly affect the measurements . The X-ray images from the phantom before and after BCS using the new device confirmed the complete resection of the tumors from the breast phantom. The results indicate that the electrosurgical knife equipped with DRS is a promising technique for simultaneously distinguishing and cutting the tissue, and assessing real-time tumor margins during BCS.
Conference Presentation
© (2021) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Sara Azizian Amiri, Pieter van Berckel, Jenny Dankelman, and Benno H. W. Hendriks "Electrosurgical knife equipped with diffused reflectance spectroscopy sensing for tumor margin detection during breast conserving surgery: a phantom study", Proc. SPIE 11631, Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic and Surgical Guidance Systems XIX, 1163110 (5 March 2021);

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