A holographic stereogram printing system is a valuable method to output the natural-view holographic three-dimensional images. Here, the 3D information of the object such as parallax and depth information, are encoded into the elemental holograms, i.e. hogels, and recorded onto the holographic material via the laser illumination of the holographic printing process. However, according to the low resolution of the hogels, the quality of the printed image is reduced. Therefore, in this paper, we propose the real object-based fully automatic high-resolution light field image acquisition system using the one-directional moving camera array and smart motor-driven stage. The proposed high-resolution light field image acquisition system includes interconnected multiple cameras with one-dimensional configuration, the multi-functional smart motor and controller, and the computer-based integration between the cameras and smart motor. After the user inputs the main parameters such as the number of perspectives and distance/rotation between each neighboring perspectives, the multiple cameras capture the high-resolution perspectives of the real object automatically, by shifting and rotating on the smart motor-driven stage, and the captured images are utilized for the hogel generation of the holographic stereogram printing system. Finally, the natural-view holographic three-dimensional visualization of the real-object is outputted on the holographic material through the holographic stereogram printing system. The proposed method verified through the optical experiment, and the experimental results confirmed that the proposed onedimensional moving camera array-based light field image system can be an effective way to acquire the light field images for holographic stereogram printing.