In recent years, much progress has been made in the performance, cost, and standardization of optical fiber connectors and splices. Single-mode fiber connectors and mechanical splices are now routinely available at lower costs than just a few years ago, while at the same time the optical performance of these devices has also improved both in terms of insertion loss and reflectance. Along with these improvements, international and national standards organizations have been drafting the relevant specifications for these devices. Currently there are two important issues related to connectors and splices that are presently being addressed. First, the evolving standards must demonstrate that they indeed guarantee intermateability. Second, the recent reflection requirements that high-bit-rate systems and analog systems have placed of these interconnection devices has resulted in new emphasis on the design and characterization of such devices. This paper will focus on the second of these two current issues, reflectance.