The bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) is a physical quantity that represents the change of surface reflection with the Sun and the direction of observation, which is of great significance to the study of surface anisotropic reflection characteristics. In this paper, based on MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) BRDF model parameters products (MCD43A1), we utilize the Ross-Li model to simulate the surface reflectance of the four land surface types in North China: vegetation, bare soil, cropland, and urban, and comparatively analyze the seasonal variation of their surface anisotropic reflection characteristics. Therefore, this study can provide reliable scientific basis for improving land surface process model, promoting surface-atmosphere interaction and global climate change research. The results show that: (1) The backscattering of the four land surface types is greater than the forward scattering, and the larger the scattering angle is, the larger the bidirectional reflectance will be. The distribution trend of bidirectional reflectance of different surface types is quite different in different bands and seasons. (2) The bidirectional reflectance of the four land surface types varies with the wavelength roughly the same in spring, summer, and autumn. In winter, due to snow covering the ground, the bidirectional reflectance of vegetation, cropland, and urban is higher in visible and near-infrared bands. Due to the fixed simulation angle, the distribution trend of the bidirectional reflectance of bare soil in four seasons is multipeak in the multi-band range.