5 January 1990 Shallow Buried Waveguides Made By Purely Thermal Migration Of K+ Ions In Glass
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Proceedings Volume 1177, Integrated Optics and Optoelectronics; (1990); doi: 10.1117/12.963312
Event: OE/FIBERS '89, 1989, Boston, United States
Abstract
Buried planar optical waveguides made by a purely thermal back-diffusion K+-Na+ ion-exchange process have been demonstrated, for the first time, on soda-lime glass substrates. The potassium ion concentration profile was determined using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) technique which was then correlated to the numerical simulation of the ion-exchange fabrication process.
© (1990) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Peter C. Noutsios, Gar Lam Yip, "Shallow Buried Waveguides Made By Purely Thermal Migration Of K+ Ions In Glass", Proc. SPIE 1177, Integrated Optics and Optoelectronics, (5 January 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.963312; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.963312
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KEYWORDS
Ions

Waveguides

Glasses

Scanning electron microscopy

Potassium

Diffusion

Fabrication

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