Presentation + Paper
1 August 2021 3D cloud tomography and droplet size retrieval from multi-angle polarimetric imaging of scattered sunlight from above
Author Affiliations +
Tomography aims to recover a three-dimensional (3D) density map of a medium or an object. In medical imaging, it is extensively used for diagnostics via X-ray computed tomography (CT). We define and derive a tomography of cloud droplet distributions via passive remote sensing. We use multi-view polarimetric images to fit a 3D polarized radiative transfer (RT) forward model. Our motivation is 3D volumetric probing of vertically-developed convectively-driven clouds that are ill-served by current methods in operational passive remote sensing. Current techniques are indeed based on strictly 1D RT modeling and applied to a single cloudy pixel, where cloud geometry defaults to that of a plane-parallel slab. Incident unpolarized sunlight, once scattered by cloud droplets, changes its polarization state according to droplet size. Therefore, polarimetric measurements in the rainbow and glory angular regions can be used to infer the droplet size distribution. This work defines and derives a framework for a full 3D tomography of cloud droplets for both their mass concentration in space and their distribution across a range of sizes. This gridded 3D retrieval of key microphysical properties is made tractable by our novel approach that involves a restructuring and partial linearization of an open-source polarized 3D RT code to accommodate a special two-step iterative optimization technique. Physically-realistic synthetic clouds are used to demonstrate the methodology with rigorous uncertainty quantification, while a real-world cloud imaged by AirMSPI is processed to illustrate the new remote sensing capability.
Conference Presentation
© (2021) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Aviad Levis, Anthony B. Davis, Jesse R. Loveridge, and Yoav Y. Schechner "3D cloud tomography and droplet size retrieval from multi-angle polarimetric imaging of scattered sunlight from above", Proc. SPIE 11833, Polarization Science and Remote Sensing X, 1183305 (1 August 2021);
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3D modeling


Light scattering


3D image processing

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