1 March 1990 Information Fusion Methods For Coupled Eddy-Current Sensors
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Proceedings Volume 1198, Sensor Fusion II: Human and Machine Strategies; (1990) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.969987
Event: 1989 Symposium on Visual Communications, Image Processing, and Intelligent Robotics Systems, 1989, Philadelphia, PA, United States
Abstract
Though imaging techniques have been applied routinely for visual, x-ray, and ultrasound inspections, they are new to eddy-current testing. Over the past few years, such techniques have been developed and applied to eddy-current data to demonstrate their value for defect detection and system analysis. In eddy-current testing, changes are sensed in the impedance of a coil excited by an alternating current to detect surface defects in metal. In eddy-current imaging, a complex impedance is measured at each pixel and used to construct an image pair. Eddy-current measurements can also be made using multiple coils; this paper discusses complex impedance image pairs formed using coupled coils that provide information from the surface covered by the two coils. A phasor plot, which is a scatter diagram of the complex impedance image pair, is an effective tool for presenting, explaining, and analyzing the information. In these plots a defect and the background noise often map to different loci, and thus have distinct signatures. The phasor plot can be used to find an appropriate combination of the image pair to improve defect detection. This paper discusses the presentation and fusion of the two images for enhanced defect detection. Images are shown together with their phasor plots to demonstrate the effects of rotational transformations and different signal combinations. The described methods are generic and can also be applied to image pairs created by different modality imaging systems; this is demonstrated with a combined eddy-current and ultrasound pair of images.
© (1990) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Kristina H. Hedengren, Kristina H. Hedengren, Kenneth W. Mitchell, Kenneth W. Mitchell, David E. Ritscher, David E. Ritscher, } "Information Fusion Methods For Coupled Eddy-Current Sensors", Proc. SPIE 1198, Sensor Fusion II: Human and Machine Strategies, (1 March 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.969987; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.969987
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