1 June 1990 Biliary lithotripsy using pulsed laser: experimental and clinical data
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In vitro study: 53 calculi were fragmented (Technomed pulsolith, 6OmJ/pulse, 2Hz). Initial visible stone damage and disruption into at least 2 large pieces were rapidly achieved (means of 20 to 1 53 pulses respectively). The disintegration to fragments 5mm or less was obtained after a mean of 780 pulses and required for 26% of stones more than 10 mm to be achieved. Decreasing stone size, stone mass, and an increasing bilirubin with a decreasing cholesterol content correlated significantly with the more rapid achievement of satisfactory fragmentation.
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Thierry Ponchon, Thierry Ponchon, Alan N. Barkun, Alan N. Barkun, Pierre Gagnon, Pierre Gagnon, Rene Lambert, Rene Lambert, } "Biliary lithotripsy using pulsed laser: experimental and clinical data", Proc. SPIE 1200, Laser Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems II, (1 June 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.17446; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.17446

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