The process of manufacturing the display holograms on photographic
plates rWr-03 is based on the interference copying of the reflection
holograms from the reflection original /1/ followed by chemical treatment close to that recommended by the manufacturer of the photographic
plates /2/. However, there is a number of salient features characteristic of the group production of the holograms. The aim of production is
the serial manufacture of the ready for use articles-holographic elements designed for completing the goods for cultural and household
needs or special-purpose goods as the main element or self-contained
article. The holographic element is the hologram of rectangular, round,
oval or other shape reconstructing the qualitative three-dimensional
image and having a reliable protection of the photographic layer from
external actions. It is implemented by introducing to the manufacturing
process (in addition to the main operations of the exposure and
chemical treatment of the holograms) the operations of moulding the
holographic element, hermetic sealing of the photographic layer and
applying the decorative or contrast coating.
The paper discusses the problems of the manufacturing process, i.e.
the optimization of the optical scheme and exposure procedure, selection of the modes of chemical treatment of the holograms, employment of
the group tooling, meeting the requirements for the safety of the
holographic elements, requirements for the production areas as well as
the problems of mechanization and automation of the processes. In addition
to this, the problems of organization of the production and sales
of the holographic elements are briefly considered.