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1 July 1990 Some statistical properties of weighted median filters
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Proceedings Volume 1247, Nonlinear Image Processing; (1990)
Event: Electronic Imaging: Advanced Devices and Systems, 1990, Santa Clara, CA, United States
In this paper, based on the fact that the output of a weighted median (WM) filter is always one of the samples in the input window, rank and sample selection probabilities are defined. The former is the probability that a certain ranked sample will appear as the output and latter is the probability that the output equals one of the time-indexed samples. Using the rank selection probabilities, it is shown here that the output distribution of the WM filter of size N with independent identically distributed (i.i.d.) inputs is a weighted sum of the distributions of the ith, i-1, 2, ... , N order statistics. The weights are given by the rank selection probabilities. The sample selection probabilities are the coefficients of the finite impulse response (FIR) filter whose output, of all linear filters, is closest to that of the WM filter. Several statistical properties of WM filters using selection probabilities are then derived. A method to compute the selection probabilities from the weights of the WM filter is also given.
© (1990) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Mohit K. Prasad and Yong-Hee Lee "Some statistical properties of weighted median filters", Proc. SPIE 1247, Nonlinear Image Processing, (1 July 1990);

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