1 July 1990 Microscopics of toner transfer across a gap
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The electric field transfer of charged toner particles across a gap has been investigated. Distributions in size and charge of spherical particles, as well as random placement, are allowed for in a computer simulation. The approximation of a semiinfinite slab model of toner on a substrate is used to derive some general trends. While a complete model would require consideration of nonspherical toner, polarization, and Van der Waals forces, the approach described here is in semi-quantitative agreement with visual observations and measurements of toner mass transfer as a function of field.
© (1990) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Juan Claudio Agui, Pia N. Sanda, Derek B. Dove, "Microscopics of toner transfer across a gap", Proc. SPIE 1253, Hard Copy and Printing Materials, Media, and Processes, (1 July 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.19831; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.19831

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