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1 September 1990 3-D displays for cockpits: where they pay off
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The cockpits of both military and civilian aircraft now contain color, multifunction displays. This capability, coupled with advances in graphics generators, has given the crew station designer the ability to create display formats which are very intuitive. However these display formats are limited to 2-D (flat -- such as a road map) or 2 l/2-D (perspective -- such as railroad tracks narrowing to a distant vanishing point) when trying to portray spatial concepts. The recent development of technology to allow for the incorporation of 3-D stereo into the display formats has the potential to dramatically decrease the pilot's information processing load through the creation of formats which can more realistically portray real world scenes that are inherently three dimensional. This paper describes a series of experiments designed to determine if there is payoff in 3-D stereo in combination with various monocular depth cues such as size coding and aerial perspective. Guidelines are presented discussing the types of display formats in which 3-D stereo will have the greatest contribution.
© (1990) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
John M. Reising and Kim M. Mazur "3-D displays for cockpits: where they pay off", Proc. SPIE 1256, Stereoscopic Displays and Applications, (1 September 1990);

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