The sensitivity of high energy laser propagation at 1.06 micrometers to an existing volcanic aerosol layer in the stratosphere has been studied by analyzing far field calculations performed with the WJSA four dimensional (three space plus time) Wave Optics Code with Adaptive Optics (OMEGA). The LOWTRAN moderate aged volcanic, high fresh volcanic, and extreme fresh volcanic models have been considered.
Larrene K. Harada,
"Effect of volcanic aerosols on laser propagation at 1.06 μm", Proc. SPIE 1312, Propagation Engineering: Third in a Series, (1 September 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.21878; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.21878