1 April 1991 Examination of EOT operation with spherical elements or slit accelerating diaphragm
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Proceedings Volume 1358, 19th Intl Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics; (1991) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.24028
Event: 19th International Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics, 1990, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Abstract
As it is known, the EOT's have a time C-shaped distortion resulting in a band of equal time lines on the EOT screen. This distortion may be compensated for by an external optical system [1] or eliminated with the aid of a spherical cathode and (or) accelerating grid [2, 3]. The designs of refs [2, 3] were calculated by exhaustion ofdifferent cathode and grid radii ofcurvature and a subsequent numerical calculation of the time-of-flight values for central and peripheral electrons (it is the difference in these time-of-flight values that results in the time distortion). However, for practical purposes it is more convenient to calculate the radii of curvature, required for elimination of the time distortion, by using analytical formulae. These formulae are obtained in the first part of the present talk. The accelerating diaphragm (AD) used instead of the fine-structure grid [4] has a number of advantages over the latter: the simplicity of its manufacturing, the possibility for operating the EOT without the external optical system, the decrease of the photocathode reverse illumination and, as it has been shown above, the improvement ofthe spatialresolution along the slit. The EOT luminosity rises with increasing slit width in the AD of 2h; it is mentioned in ref. [4] that the image width of the EOT screen does not depend on h (if an imaginary cross-over of the beam is displayed, which arises due to the electron scattering by the AD). Hence, it follows that a broad (equal to hundreds ofji) slit is more efficient than a narrow one (oftens ofp), the more so that it is easier to manufacture a broad slit. However, with rising width of the slit the spread of transverse velocities of electrons scattered from the slit also increases, as well as the lens aberration, which causes blurringofthe imaginary cross-over image and deterioration ofthe time resolution. The second part ofthe talk deals with the examination of the above-mentioned phenomena. Restrictions imposed by the latter on the slit width of 2h are obtained.
© (1991) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Irina M. Korzhenevich, Irina M. Korzhenevich, G. V. Kolesov, G. V. Kolesov, Vitaly B. Lebedev, Vitaly B. Lebedev, O. A. Petrokovich, O. A. Petrokovich, Gregory G. Feldman, Gregory G. Feldman, } "Examination of EOT operation with spherical elements or slit accelerating diaphragm", Proc. SPIE 1358, 19th Intl Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics, (1 April 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.24028; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.24028
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