The copper based telephone network of today (see Fig. 1) will be evolving over the next twenty years towards a fiber optic based Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network (BISDN). The initial mass deployment phase of placing fiber closer to the residential customer will be based on the economic deployment of narrowband services only. From an architectural point of view the most likely deployment to single family residences would be in the form of a Fiber To The Pedestal (FTTP) ar?hitecture. This is consistent with Bellcore''s Fiber In The Loop (FITL) Architectural Summary Report The form of this FYFP architecture will probably be that of an active double (or single) star or that of a passive optical network (PON). These two architectures will be examined as to their relative technical and economic merits pertaining to initial narrowband deployments all the way through to deployments that are capable of narrowband video and BISDN services.