1 February 1991 Propagation and diffusion characteristics of optical waveguides made by electric field-assisted k+-ion exchange in glass
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Proceedings Volume 1374, Integrated Optics and Optoelectronics II; (1991) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.24950
Event: SPIE Microelectronic Interconnect and Integrated Processing Symposium, 1990, San Jose, United States
Abstract
Planar optical waveguides were fabricated using an electric field-assisted potassium ion-exchange in soda-lime glass substrates. Mode index measurements were made for the purpose of establishing formulas for the effective diffusion constant guide depth and refractive index change given the electric field the diffusion temperature and the time. The index profile could be accurately modeled by a modified Fermi function with significant improvement over the step-index model. The potassium ion concentration profile was determined using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) technique which is then correlated to the numerical simulation of the ion-exchange fabrication process.
© (1991) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Peter C. Noutsios, Peter C. Noutsios, Gar Lam Yip, Gar Lam Yip, Kiyoshi Kishioka, Kiyoshi Kishioka, } "Propagation and diffusion characteristics of optical waveguides made by electric field-assisted k+-ion exchange in glass", Proc. SPIE 1374, Integrated Optics and Optoelectronics II, (1 February 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.24950; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.24950
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