1 March 1991 Hierarchical terrain representations for off-road navigation
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Proceedings Volume 1388, Mobile Robots V; (1991) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.25462
Event: Advances in Intelligent Robotics Systems, 1990, Boston, MA, United States
Abstract
For most autonomous land vehicle tasks creating the terrain representation is the greatest part of the problem. For example once a road following system represents the terrain presented to it as road and non-road it is relatively easy to plan a path through the terrain. However offroad navigation does not have the luxury of such a compact representation. An off-road planner needs a detailed map of the terrain and needs an efficient way of querying that terrain map. We have implemented a system that satisfies these two constraints for off-road navigation. We first build a Cartesian elevation map from a series oflaser range finder images. This map is a complete but intractable representation of the terrain. We use the map to build a hierarchical representation of the terrain that we call a " terrain pyramid. " Each cell at a level of the terrain pyramid holds the maximum and minimum elevation of the four cells in the level below it. We also build pyramids for various features in the Cartesian map such as terrain discontinuity and slope. The terrain pyramids are shipped to a planner module. We provide the planner module with calls to find the minimum and maximum values of a feature over any rectangle in the terrain. With these calls taking advantage of the hierarchical representation of the terrain the planner can efficiently determine a safe path through the
© (1991) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jay W. Gowdy, Jay W. Gowdy, Anthony Stentz, Anthony Stentz, Martial Hebert, Martial Hebert, "Hierarchical terrain representations for off-road navigation", Proc. SPIE 1388, Mobile Robots V, (1 March 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.25462; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.25462
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