1 April 1991 Design of a high-power cross-field amplifier at X-band with an internally coupled waveguide
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Proceedings Volume 1407, Intense Microwave and Particle Beams II; (1991) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.43503
Event: Optics, Electro-Optics, and Laser Applications in Science and Engineering, 1991, Los Angeles, CA, United States
Abstract
30Cross field amplifiers (CFA) have been used in many applications where high power, high frequency microwaves are needed. Although these tubes have been manufactured for decades, theoretical analysis of their properties is not as highly developed as for other microwave devices such as klystrons. The authors have developed a simulation model for CFAs using the PIC code CONDOR. Their simulations indicate that there are limits to the maximum rf field strength that a CFA can sustain. When the fields become too high, efficiency becomes very poor, and the currents drawn may become so large that secondary emission cannot be maintained. It is therefore desirable to reduce the circuit impedance of a very high power tube. One method for doing this, proposed by Feinstein, involves periodically coupling a standard CFA circuit to an internal waveguide. Most of the power flows in the waveguide, so the overall impedance is much reduced. By adjusting the guide dimensions one can vary the impedance. Thus one can retain high impedance at the low power end but low impedance at the high power end. In principle one can maintain constant rf voltage throughout the tube. CONDOR simulations have identified a good operating point at X band, with power generation of over 5 MW/cm and total efficiency of over 60%. ARGUS simulations have modeled the cold test properties of the coupled structure. The nominal design specifications are 300 MW output, 17 db gain, frequency 11.4 GHz, DC voltage 142 kV, magnetic field 5 kG, anode cathode gap 3.6 mm, total interaction length about 60 cm. Results of code simulations are discussed and the status of the experimental effort is reported.
© (1991) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Kenneth Eppley, Kwok Ko, "Design of a high-power cross-field amplifier at X-band with an internally coupled waveguide", Proc. SPIE 1407, Intense Microwave and Particle Beams II, (1 April 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.43503; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.43503
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