1 July 1991 Applications of lasers in laparoscopic cholecystectomy: technical considerations and future directions
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Proceedings Volume 1421, Lasers in Urology, Laparoscopy, and General Surgery; (1991) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.43931
Event: Optics, Electro-Optics, and Laser Applications in Science and Engineering, 1991, Los Angeles, CA, United States
Abstract
Interest in lasers has increased exponentially due to the meteoric growth of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This paper reviews the laser technologies available for laparoscopic use. The relative merits and liabilities for each wavelength and delivery system are discussed. Considerations for future developments of these technologies are provided.
© (1991) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Raymond J. Lanzafame, Raymond J. Lanzafame, } "Applications of lasers in laparoscopic cholecystectomy: technical considerations and future directions", Proc. SPIE 1421, Lasers in Urology, Laparoscopy, and General Surgery, (1 July 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.43931; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.43931
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