1 May 1991 Discrete-cosine-transform-based image compression applied to dermatology
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Abstract
The research reported in this paper concerns an evaluation of the impact of compression on the quality of digitized color dermatologic images. 35 mm slides of four morphologic types of skin lesions were captured at 1000 pixels per inch (ppi) in 24 bit RGB color, to give an approximate 1K X 1K image. The discrete cosine transform (DCT) algorithm, was applied to the resulting image files to achieve compression ratios of about 7:1, 28:1, and 70:1. The original scans and the decompressed files were written to a 35 mm film recorder. Together with the original photo slides, the slides resulting from digital images were evaluated in a study of morphology recognition and image quality assessment. A panel of dermatologists was asked to identify the morphology depicted and to rate the image quality of each slide. The images were shown in a progression from highest level of compression to original photo slides. We conclude that the use of DCT file compression yields acceptable performance for skin lesion images since differences in morphology recognition performance do not correlate significantly with the use of original photos versus compressed versions. Additionally, image quality evaluation does not correlate significantly with level of compression.
© (1991) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
John P. Cookson, Charles Sneiderman, Christopher Rivera, "Discrete-cosine-transform-based image compression applied to dermatology", Proc. SPIE 1444, Medical Imaging V: Image Capture, Formatting, and Display, (1 May 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.45189; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.45189
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