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1 May 1991 Visualization and volumetric compression
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Abstract
We performed volume compression on CT and MR data sets, each consisting of 256 X 256 X 64 or 32 images, using three-dimensional (3D) DCT followed by quantization, adaptive bit-allocation, and Huffman encoding. Cuberille based surface rendering and oblique angle slicing was performed on the reconstructed compression data using a multi-stream vector processor. For CT images 3D-DCT was found to be successful in exploiting the additional degree of voxel correlations between image frames, resulting in compression efficiency greater than 2D-DCT of individual images. During rendering operations, a substantial amount of thresholding, resampling, and filtering operations are performed on the data. At compression ratios in the range 6 - 15:1, 3D compression was not found to have any adverse visual impact on rendered output. Of these two methods, oblique angle slicing, which involves the fewest operations was found to be the most demanding of small compression errors. We conclude that 3D-DCT compression is a viable technique for efficiently reducing the size of data volumes which must be analyzed with various rendering methods.
© (1991) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Kelby K. Chan, Christina C. Lau, Keh-Shih Chuang, and Craig A. Morioka "Visualization and volumetric compression", Proc. SPIE 1444, Medical Imaging V: Image Capture, Formatting, and Display, (1 May 1991); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.45176
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