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1 June 1991 Signal processing for low-light-level, high-precision CCD imaging
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Proceedings Volume 1448, Camera and Input Scanner Systems; (1991) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.45361
Event: Electronic Imaging '91, 1991, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
CCD signal-processing schemes attempt to reduce the effect of KTC, 1/f, and broadband noise on the output signal. A number of schemes have been reported over the years. These schemes employ time delay and subtraction to eliminate KTC noise and attenuate 1/f noise. They also include a low-pass function to reduce the effect of broadband noise. Signal processing schemes include dual-slope integration, double-correlated sampling, a variation of double-correlated sampling referred to in this paper as "switched exponential filtering," and transverse filters. Transfer functions for signal and noise are presented for each of these schemes. Performance comparisons are given with emphasis on their applicability to relatively high-speed CCD readout applications (readout rates of 1 megapixel per second and faster). Recent technology has produced CCDs with high-output gains in terms of volts per electron. Such devices feature very small output gate capacitance and hence, reduced KTC noise. Signal processing that does not use delay and subtraction to eliminate KTC noise is discussed. Again, the emphasis is on applicability to relatively high-speed readout.
© (1991) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Thomas W. McCurnin, Larry C. Schooley, and Gary R. Sims "Signal processing for low-light-level, high-precision CCD imaging", Proc. SPIE 1448, Camera and Input Scanner Systems, (1 June 1991); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.45361
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