The historical development of shutters employed in selection devices used for field-sequential electro-stereoscopic displays is traced. The discussion encompasses mechanical shuttering systems used for motion pictures and vector computer graphics displays, and early electro- optical shuttering systems using PLZT ceramic material. The art of electro-stereoscopy was advanced with the introduction of the surface mode liquid crystal device, which is ten times faster than the prior and more commonly employed twisted nematic device. The types of surface mode devices are described, including those mounted in front of display screens used in conjunction with passive glasses, and the achromatic shutter used in the latest wireless active shuttering eyewear.
Lenny Lipton, Lenny Lipton,
"Selection devices for field-sequential stereoscopic displays: a brief history", Proc. SPIE 1457, Stereoscopic Displays and Applications II, (1 August 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.46315; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.46315