Color hardcopy printing systems are required to be digital and capable of full color expression. In addition, it is desirable that they are completely dry, safe, noiseless, fast, compact, and almost maintenance-free. Accurate tome reproduction, as well as color reproduction, is necessary to produce pictorial images like photographs. On the other hand, such precision is unnecessary for most business uses, where a short through-put time is a more important factor. Therefore, the most suitable printing method for each purpose should be selected. Various printing methods for color hardcopies have been studied recently. The technologies of thermal dye diffusion transfer, thermal ink transfer, and electrophotographic laser printing have been developed extensively in Japan. A lot of research on these printing technologies has been published, and many new products came onto the market last year. This paper deals with the current status of color hardcopy technologies in Japan. The salient features of the specifications of various printing methods are compared, and recent trends are discussed.