1 August 1991 Clouds as calibration targets for AVHRR reflected-solar channels: results from a two-year study at NOAA/NESDIS
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Abstract
NOAA-11 Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) and associated ground-based data have been collected at NOAA/NESDIS, on a daily basis and for 600 days, using five stations within the continental United States in the NOAA solar radiation (SOLRAD) monitoring network. The data have been filtered to include only uniformly overcast conditions and analyzed along the lines described by Paris and Justus (1988). Results from this first long-term pilot operational application of the method are presented. The method is potentially useful for establishing yearly-averaged trends in the radiometric gain of AVHRR Channels. The relatively small data base examined here suggests a precision in the 600 day mean gain of 5 percent or worse, with a significant part of this uncertainty being driven by poor knowlege of the bidirectional reflectance properties of clouds. The results suggest that the method in its present formulation has insufficient precision to be used as a primary method for the measurement of in-orbit gains of reflected-solar radiometers aboard polar orbiting satellites. Intrinsic limitations to the precision and time resolution of the method are discussed, and suggestions are offered for improving the precision of future results.
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Peter Abel, "Clouds as calibration targets for AVHRR reflected-solar channels: results from a two-year study at NOAA/NESDIS", Proc. SPIE 1493, Calibration of Passive Remote Observing Optical and Microwave Instrumentation, (1 August 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.46697; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.46697
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