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1 October 1991 Energy balance in high-power CO2 laser welding
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Abstract
The laser energy impinging on a metal workpiece is partially absorbed and partially reflected by the material surface. This work is aimed at gaining a better insight into the energy balance of the process, and it can also provide the correct input for process modeling and the optimum choice of parameters for increasing welding efficiency. Measurements of the absorption coefficient were made using platinum-platinum rhodium thermocouples which monitored the temperature rise. The radiation backscattered by the workpiece or plasma plume was also recorded, and tests were performed to measure the total amount of material lost by evaporation during laser welding. All the tests were performed on austenitic stainless steel. The resulting absorption curves show different behavior at low or high speed and this can be explained only by taking into account the influence on the process of both the size and inclination of the keyhole. To conserve the keyhole, the interaction process must be rapidly interrupted so as to freeze the molten material and preserve the cavity in the form assumed during the process. A fast mechanical switch has been devised and tests seem to confirm the assumption made.
© (1991) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Umberto Del Bello, Cristina Rivela, Maichi Cantello, and Mauro Penasa "Energy balance in high-power CO2 laser welding", Proc. SPIE 1502, Industrial and Scientific Uses of High-Power Lasers, (1 October 1991); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.46888
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