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1 November 1991 Clinical fluorescence diagnosis of human bladder carcinoma following low-dose photofrin injection
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A point-monitoring fluorescence diagnostic system based on a low-energy pulsed laser, fiber transmission optics, and an optical multichannel analyzer was used for diagnosis of patients with bladder malignancies. Twenty-four patients with bladder carcinoma, carcinoma in situ, and/or dysplasia were injected with Photofrin (0.35 or 0.5 mg/kg body weight) 48 hours prior to the investigation. The ratio between the red sensitizer emission and the bluish tissue autofluorescence provided excellent demarcation between papillary tumors and normal bladder wall. Certain cases of dysplasia could be also be differentiated from normal mucosa. Benign exofytic lesion such as malakoplakia appeared different from malignant tumors in fluorescence. Flat suspicious bladder mucosa such as that seen in infectious diseases or after radiation therapy appeared normal in terms of fluorescence.
© (1991) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Luc Baert M.D., Roger Berg, B. van Damme, Marie-Ange D'Hallewin M.D., Jonas Johansson, Katarina Svanberg M.D., and Sune Svanberg "Clinical fluorescence diagnosis of human bladder carcinoma following low-dose photofrin injection", Proc. SPIE 1525, Future Trends in Biomedical Applications of Lasers, (1 November 1991);

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