1 November 1991 Excimer-laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy of human arteries during laser ablation
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The autofluorescence of human arterial tissue with varying degrees of atherosclerosis was studied in vitro to develop a diagnostic tool for tissue differentiation simultaneously to tissue ablation induced by a XeCl-excimer laser (wavelength 308 nm). Healthy vessel walls and artery segments containing lipid-rich or calcified areas were investigated in air, saline solution (0.9 NaCl), and in blood. The fluorescence spectra in the wavelength range from 320 nm to 650 nm were recorded with an optical multichannel analyzer, and they allowed for a clear discrimination between plaque and healthy vessel wall even in blood. For each single laser shot with an energy density of about 4-5 J/cm2, well above the ablation threshold, a complete spectrum was recorded. The fluorescence spectra were analyzed in terms of their contributions from normal arterial tissue, lipid-rich and calcified plaques. The results clearly show the feasibility of controlling the ablation process by fluorescence spectroscopy in order to avoid vessel-wall perforation which is one of the main drawbacks in laser angioplasty.
© (1991) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
B. Abel, B. Abel, Horst Hippler, Horst Hippler, B. Koerber, B. Koerber, Andreas J. Morguet, Andreas J. Morguet, Walter Neu, Walter Neu, "Excimer-laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy of human arteries during laser ablation", Proc. SPIE 1525, Future Trends in Biomedical Applications of Lasers, (1 November 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.48207; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.48207

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