1 December 1991 Light scattering properties of new materials for glazing applications
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Abstract
Several new materials are available for glazing applications, many of which require careful optical characterization, especially with regards to light scattering. Measuring scattering requires special equipment and is inherently difficult. An integrating sphere can be used for the total and diffuse components but great care must be taken in interpreting the instrument readings. Angular resolved scattering measurements are necessary for a complete characterization, and this is difficult for low levels of scattering. In this paper, measurements on electrically switchable NCAP materials and thick panes of aerogel are reported. The NCAP films switch reversibly from a translucent, scattering state to a transparent, clear state with the application of an ac-voltage. Airglass has a porous SiO2 structure with a refractive index n equals 1.04 and a very low heat transfer coefficient. Integrated scattering measurements were performed in the wavelength range 300 to 2500 nm on a Beckman 5240 spectrophotometer equipped with a 198851 integrating sphere. In this instrument we can measure the total and diffuse components of the reflectance or transmittance separately. The angular distribution of the scattered light was measured in a scatterometer, which can perform scattering measurements in the wavelength range 400-1100 nm in both transmittance and reflectance mode with variable angle of incidence.
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Mikael Bergkvist, Arne Roos, "Light scattering properties of new materials for glazing applications", Proc. SPIE 1530, Optical Scatter: Applications, Measurement, and Theory, (1 December 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.50524; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.50524
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