1 January 1992 Historical description of selected experiments in the early development of x-ray optics
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The pioneering experiments in x-ray optics that took place in the 1940s and 1950s at Stanford University, the University of Redlands, and the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory are described. The original work of Paul Kirkpatrick and his students had as its objective the design and construction of grazing incidence x-ray microscopes, but Gabor''s work in microscopy by reconstructed wavefronts led to the exploration of x-ray holography as an alternative approach to x-ray optics. This led to the focusing of x rays by diffraction using an x-ray Fresnel zone plate. By 1958 it was clear that x-ray telescopes could be designed utilizing both grazing incidence reflectors and zone plates. Nested pairs of mirrors in the Kirkpatrick- Baez configuration were tested as a prototype high-throughput x-ray telescope in 1960.
© (1992) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Albert V. Baez, Albert V. Baez, } "Historical description of selected experiments in the early development of x-ray optics", Proc. SPIE 1546, Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics, (1 January 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.51243; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.51243


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