1 December 1991 Light scattering from binary optics
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Abstract
We have calculated the angle-resolved scattering from several phase only Fresnel zone plates (lenses) and Dammann gratings (beam splitters). We simulate manufacturing errors by random perturbations of the surface-relief pattern, and calculate the irradiance in the far-field by evaluating the Fresnel diffraction integral. Scattering from perturbations of the etch depth is found to be proportional to the square of the ratio of the perturbation divided by the wavelength. Random perturbations of the pattern edges in Fresnel zone plates causes more scattering with shorter wavelengths than with longer wavelengths, but in Dammann gratings this scattering is independent of wavelength. Scattering increases for either small apertures or small f-numbers; but does not depend on either the number of levels in a Fresnel zone plate, the pattern in a Dammann grating, or the form of the probability distribution function.
© (1991) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Douglas W. Ricks, Ramesh Ajmera, "Light scattering from binary optics", Proc. SPIE 1555, Computer and Optically Generated Holographic Optics; 4th in a Series, (1 December 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.50624; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.50624
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