26 June 1992 Phase shift of TE and TM modes in an optical fiber due to axial strain (exact solution)
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Abstract
Axial strain may be determined by monitoring the phase shift of modes of a variety of optical fiber sensors. In this paper, the exact solution of a circular optical fiber is used to calculate the phase shift of the TE and TM modes. Whenever an optical fiber is stressed, the optical path length, the index of refraction, and the propagation constants of each fiber mode change. In consequence, the modal phase term, beta(ln)z, of the fields is shifted by an amount Delta phi. In certain cases, it is desirable to control the phase shift term in order to make the fiber either more or less sensitive to certain kinds of strain. It is shown that it can be accomplished by choosing appropriate fiber parameters.
© (1992) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Claudio Oliveira Egalon, Robert S. Rogowski, "Phase shift of TE and TM modes in an optical fiber due to axial strain (exact solution)", Proc. SPIE 1634, Laser Diode Technology and Applications IV, (26 June 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.59179; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.59179
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