7 August 1992 Biological effects of spark-generated shock waves
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Proceedings Volume 1646, Laser-Tissue Interaction III; (1992) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.137467
Event: OE/LASE '92, 1992, Los Angeles, CA, United States
Shock waves, whether generated by sparks or laser bursts, are capable of producing a wide range of biological effects. Thresholds for hemorrhage of kidney and lung, the killing of fruit fly larvae, developmental defects in embryos and changes in function of excitable tissues such as the heart fall in the range from 1 to 10 MPa. In endoscopic applications, the bubble that is created has the potential to act directly upon the surrounding tissues producing effects by mechanisms that are qualitatively different than the shock fields themselves.
© (1992) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Edwin L. Carstensen, "Biological effects of spark-generated shock waves", Proc. SPIE 1646, Laser-Tissue Interaction III, (7 August 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.137467; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.137467

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