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1 April 1992 Holographic thin films, spatial light modulators, and optical associative memories based on bacteriorhodopsin
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The diffraction efficiency and nonlinear transmission properties of chemically enhanced thin films of bacteriorhodopsin are analyzed by using absorption spectroscopy, the Kramers-Kronig transformation, coupled wave theory, and a simplified kinetic model of the bacteriorhodopsin photocycle. Photoconversion of bR to a 50:50 mixture of bR and M generates a large change in refractive index that is proportional to the bacteriorhodopsin concentration and is greatest in regions where the difference in absorption coefficients is smallest. The predicted diffraction efficiencies are dominated by large phase components in regions of minimal bR and M absorption. The maximum diffraction efficiency (11) for a 2.5 OD, 150 micrometers thick film occurs at readout wavelengths between 620 nm - 700 nm. These films also exhibit significant nonlinearity in transmissivity at low laser intensities and could find potential use in spatial filtering applications. A real time optical associative memory based on holographic thin films of bacteriorhodopsin is also discussed.
© (1992) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Richard B. Gross, K. Can Izgi, and Robert R. Birge "Holographic thin films, spatial light modulators, and optical associative memories based on bacteriorhodopsin", Proc. SPIE 1662, Image Storage and Retrieval Systems, (1 April 1992);


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