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19 June 1979 Iodine Imaging Using Spectral Analysis
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Existing radiographic imaging systems provide images which represent an integration or averaging over the energy spectrum. In order to provide noninvasive angiography it is necessary to image the relatively small amounts of iodine which are available following an intravenous administration. This is accomplished by making use of the special spectral characteristics of iodine. Two methods will be presented. One involves a special grating for encoding the iodine information in the form of a fine line pattern. This is subsequently decoded to provide images of iodinated structures which are otherwise almost invisible. The second method utilizes a scanned x-ray beam which is rapidly switched in the high energy region. In this region, iodine experiences significant variations in the attenuation coefficient while bone and soft tissue do not. An efficient and accurate x-ray detector can be used with scanned x-ray beams. This provides a high degree of sensitivity enabling the visualization of small vessels containing relatively dilute iodine.
© (1979) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Albert Macovski "Iodine Imaging Using Spectral Analysis", Proc. SPIE 0167, Noninvasive Cardiovascular Measurements, (19 June 1979);


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