1 June 1992 Systematic design of phase-shifting masks with extended depth of focus and/or shifted focus plane
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Abstract
We propose an optimization based algorithm for designing phase-shifting masks. Our approach is an extension of our previous work [1, 2, 3] in the sense that the intensity image is optimized at a number of optical planes rather than just the focus plane. In addition, our algorithm can be used to design masks with shifted focus plane and/or extended depth of focus. We also propose the concept of “dual mask” and show its consequences to practical phase-shifting mask design. Finally, we show examples of our proposed design techniques for single line phase connectors, cross phase connectors, contact holes and bright lines. Simulation and experimental results verify the capability of our design technique to extend depth of focus and shift the focus plane.
© (1992) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Yong Liu, Anton K. Pfau, Avideh Zakhor, "Systematic design of phase-shifting masks with extended depth of focus and/or shifted focus plane", Proc. SPIE 1674, Optical/Laser Microlithography V, (1 June 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.130308; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.130308
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