Optical and beam propagation characteristics in the turbulent atmosphere and short-time and long-time beam spreads are reviewed. Particular attention is given to pulse wave propagation in terms of coherence bandwidths, imaging through turbulence for an incoherent source, backscattering enhancement through turbulence, and speckle imaging.
Akira Ishimaru, Akira Ishimaru,
"Beam and pulse waves, imaging and enhanced backscattering in turbulence", Proc. SPIE 1688, Atmospheric Propagation and Remote Sensing, (1 August 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.137906; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.137906