1 August 1992 The effect of wavefront undersampling on signal-to-noise ratio in adaptive optics systems
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Abstract
Adaptive-optics (AO) systems for imaging of exoatmospheric objects employ a wavefront sensor designed to sample the phase imposed by the atmosphere. Whether a Hartmann array or shearing interferometer, such a sensor is typically designed to sample at spatial frequencies corresponding to the expected value of the Fried coherence diameter, r(o), at the site. However, undersampling of the wavefront occurs in practice during periods of bad seeing, and the cost of adaptive-optics systems designed to sample at high frequency and control a large number of actuators make deliberately 'underdesigned' systems attractive. In this paper, we use a detailed computer simulation in a preliminary investigation of the effect of wavefront undersampling on the SNR of the power-spectrum estimate of resulting point-source images. We have found doubling subaperture size in an Hartmann-sensor-driven AO system can nearly approximate the performance given by a fully-sampled system for a 3.67-m telescope.
© (1992) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
David W. Tyler, David W. Tyler, Michael C. Roggemann, Michael C. Roggemann, } "The effect of wavefront undersampling on signal-to-noise ratio in adaptive optics systems", Proc. SPIE 1688, Atmospheric Propagation and Remote Sensing, (1 August 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.137923; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.137923
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