2 December 1992 Recent developments in optical-microwave techniques
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Optical techniques for both microwave device and circuit characterization, and phase-locking of voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) are presented. The optical approach to on-wafer testing of GaAs microwave/millimeter-wave monolithic integrated circuits (MMICs) with built-in test structures has been demonstrated at Ku-band. A MMIC VCO has also been successfully phased-locked to a picosecond optical source based on GaAs optical/microwave intermixing effect. These accomplishments have resulted in the potential applications of these techniques to MMIC manufacturing and phased-array system applications.
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Hing-Loi A. Hung, Hing-Loi A. Hung, Chi Hsiang Lee, Chi Hsiang Lee, } "Recent developments in optical-microwave techniques", Proc. SPIE 1703, Optical Technology for Microwave Applications VI and Optoelectronic Signal Processing for Phased-Array Antennas III, (2 December 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.138387; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.138387

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