13 January 1993 X-ray imaging of calcium deposits in human cartilage
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X rays have been used extensively in the study of hard tissue such as bone. The x rays used are typically of energy 50 keV, which have an absorption depth of approximately 1.5 cm in hard tissue. These x rays are used for creating x-ray shadowgraphs (or radiographs) of bones where the finest details recorded are of the order of a few tenths of a millimeter. However, due to the advent of x-ray sources which are energy tunable, and the availability of high resolution x-ray optics, an entirely new range of contrast is now possible along with resolution down to a few tens of nanometers. These new x-ray sources and optics have been combined to create a variety of x-ray microscopes which are now being used in a range of unique applications.
© (1993) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Christopher J. Buckley, Christopher J. Buckley, Ronald E. Burge, Ronald E. Burge, Guy F. Foster, Guy F. Foster, S. Y. Ali, S. Y. Ali, C. A. Scotchford, C. A. Scotchford, John H. Dunsmuir, John H. Dunsmuir, S. R. Ferguson, S. R. Ferguson, Mark L. Rivers, Mark L. Rivers, } "X-ray imaging of calcium deposits in human cartilage", Proc. SPIE 1741, Soft X-Ray Microscopy, (13 January 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.138752; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.138752


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