22 January 1993 Terrestrial solar spectral ultraviolet measurements at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory
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Proceedings Volume 1764, Ultraviolet Technology IV; (1993); doi: 10.1117/12.140864
Event: San Diego '92, 1992, San Diego, CA, United States
Abstract
At the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), ongoing projects investigate the use of ultraviolet (UV) energy as it applies to aqueous toxic waste purification, material degradation, and terrestrial spectral solar irradiance model development. These projects require knowledge of the UV spectral distribution of natural terrestrial sunlight and artificial sources rich in UV radiation. NREL has modified instrumentation to measure terrestrial solar spectral distributions from 250 to 400 nanometers (nm) at 1 nm intervals. It uses a band width of 2 nm, and a small double monochromator and photomultiplier (1P28) detector. The modified instrument measures artificial sources in the laboratory with up to 1000 times the intensity of natural solar UV radiation. This is done using coupled multiple integrating spheres and by limiting apertures to provide appropriate signal levels. A newly acquired UV spectroradiometer with good wavelength accuracy (0.3 nm) is used to calibrate broad-band solar UV monitoring detectors outdoors and against laboratory standards. Both the metrology and research applications of these UV spectral measurements require detailed uncertainty analyses, which show that uncertainty in the measurements is a strong function of wavelength below 350 nm. The major contributors to the uncertainty are wavelength drive accuracy, passband, detector noise, and calibration source uncertainty.
© (1993) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Daryl R. Myers, Theodore W. Cannon, John D. Webb, "Terrestrial solar spectral ultraviolet measurements at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory", Proc. SPIE 1764, Ultraviolet Technology IV, (22 January 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.140864; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.140864
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KEYWORDS
Ultraviolet radiation

Calibration

Optical spheres

Argon

Sensors

Solar energy

Error analysis

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