21 January 1993 Design of a rapidly cooled cryogenic mirror
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 1765, Cryogenic Optical Systems and Instruments V; (1993); doi: 10.1117/12.140894
Event: San Diego '92, 1992, San Diego, CA, United States
Abstract
The paper discusses the design, analysis, and testing of a rapidly cooled beryllium cryogenic mirror, which is the primary mirror in the four-element optical system for the Long Wavelength Infrared Advanced Technology Seeker. The mirror is shown to meet the requirement of five minutes for cooling to cryogenic operating temperature; it also maintains its optical figure and vacuum integrity and meets the nuclear specification. Results of a detailed thermal analysis on the mirror showed that, using nitrogen gas at 80 K as coolant, the front face of the mirror can be cooled from an initial temperature of 300 K to less than 90 K within five minutes. In a vacuum chamber, using liquid nitrogen as coolant, the mirror can be cooled to 80 K within 1.5 min. The mirror is well thermally insulated, so that it can be maintained at less than its operating temperature for a long time without active cooling.
© (1993) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Ronald J. Plummer, Ike C. Hsu, "Design of a rapidly cooled cryogenic mirror", Proc. SPIE 1765, Cryogenic Optical Systems and Instruments V, (21 January 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.140894; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.140894
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KEYWORDS
Mirrors

Argon

Cryogenics

Methane

Nitrogen

Liquids

Beryllium

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