29 December 1992 Reconstruction of embedded absorbers in random media with applications in noninvasive 3D imaging of skin lesions
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Abstract
An optical backscatter measuring instrument called a Nevoscope is being developed to non- invasively determine 3D characteristics of skin lesions with applications in the diagnosis of malignant melanoma. Optical images are obtained by transilluminating the lesion and imaging backscattered radiation emanating from the skin surface. Such emission profiles contain information about the absorption characteristics of sub-surface structures. It is conceivable that such profiles can be used to reconstruct structural information of inhomogeneities such as mole embedded in the skin. Monte Carlo simulations of photon migration are performed to simulate the radiation pattern of backscattered radiation imaged at the surface of the medium when a light source is placed directly on the surface of the medium. In particular, simulations are performed on media with single embedded absorbers. This is the simplest model of a mole embedded in human skin. Some reconstruction algorithms based on the difference in emission profiles is the presence and absence of the absorber, are tested. A prototype Nevoscope presently being used for visual examination is described. Heuristic reconstruction schemes using images obtained from the Nevoscope are also presented.
© (1992) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Prashanth Kini, Atam P. Dhawan, "Reconstruction of embedded absorbers in random media with applications in noninvasive 3D imaging of skin lesions", Proc. SPIE 1767, Inverse Problems in Scattering and Imaging, (29 December 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.139032; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.139032
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