25 February 1993 Nonlinear optics of astaxanthin thin films
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Carotinoids exhibit large nonlinear optical properties due to their extended (pi) -electron system. Compared to other polyenes which show a broad distribution of conjugation lengths, carotinoids exhibit a well defined molecular structure, i.e. a well defined conjugation length. Therefore the carotinoid molecules can serve as model compounds to study the relationship between structure and nonlinear optical properties. In this paper the synthesis of four astaxanthins with C-numbers ranging from 30 to 60, their preparation into thin films, wavelength dispersive Third Harmonic Generation (THG) measurements and some molecular modelling calculations will be presented. Resonant (chi) (3) values reach 1.2(DOT)10-10 esu for C60 astaxanthin. In the nonresonant regime a figure of merit (chi) (3)/(alpha) of several 10-13 esu-cm is demonstrated.
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A. Esser, A. Esser, Herbert Fisch, Herbert Fisch, Karl-Heinz Haas, Karl-Heinz Haas, E. Haedicke, E. Haedicke, J. Paust, J. Paust, Wolfgang Schrof, Wolfgang Schrof, Anton Ticktin, Anton Ticktin, } "Nonlinear optics of astaxanthin thin films", Proc. SPIE 1775, Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials V, (25 February 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.139213; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.139213


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