6 April 1993 Analysis of optical attenuators on proton-exchanged and annealed LiNbO3 waveguides
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Proceedings Volume 1794, Integrated Optical Circuits II; (1993) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.141911
Event: Fibers '92, 1992, Boston, MA, United States
Optical attenuators for proton-exchanged and annealed waveguides in LiNbO3 are modeled by the matrix effective refractive index (MERI) method. It is shown theoretically and experimentally that an attenuation of 1.6 dB/mm can be expected for a titanium-gold metallic overlay. The theory indicates that this attenuation can be increased to nearly 4.5 dB/mm by placing a titanium dioxide layer between the waveguide surface and the metallization.
© (1993) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Karl M. Kissa, Karl M. Kissa, Andrew John Maltenfort, Andrew John Maltenfort, } "Analysis of optical attenuators on proton-exchanged and annealed LiNbO3 waveguides", Proc. SPIE 1794, Integrated Optical Circuits II, (6 April 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.141911; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.141911

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